This study evaluated long-term results following successful endovascular therapy for chronic total occlusion below the knee using the retrograde approach after a failed antegrade approach.
We previously described the first real-world series of PCI involving Shockwave intravascular lithotripsy (S-IVL), including use in acute coronary syndromes and left main interventions. In this follow-up, we report the 1-year outcomes of patients treated with S-IVL during their PCI.
Abstract: Background. The impact of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on angina and subsequent incidence of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) rate remains controversial. Methods.