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February 2007

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Volume 19 Issue 2
An 83-year-old male with a recent history of arterial hypertension and progressive renal failure was referred for an elective percutaneous intervention of a bilateral renal artery stenosis, i.e., an ostial lesion of a left inferior renal polar artery…
Targeted renal therapy (TRT) with direct intrarenal artery fenoldopam (FEN) infusions were used to treat a multifactorial acute renal failure (ARF) patient with acute limb ischemia, contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) and sepsis. TRT was initially inf…
Hypertensive emergency (also referred to as malignant hypertension) is defined by the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) as severe elevation in blood press…
Arterial revascularization by means of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is being increasingly used for the treatment of patients with severely symptomatic peripheral artery disease (i.e., those with critical limb ischemia). This phenomenon…
Temperature heterogeneity due to inflammatory activity may have a pivotal role in predicting plaque composition and allow differentiation between stable and unstable atherosclerotic plaques. Plaques prone to rupture1 are associated with greater macro…
The majority of acute coronary syndromes are the result of nonobstructive coronary plaque rupture and subsequent thrombosis. The structure of these plaques, rather than their size, is the major determinant of plaque vulnerability. Identifying vulnera…
No-reflow is a common complication during percutaneous coronary intervention in degenerated saphenous vein grafts (SVGs), and is associated with serious adverse clinical outcomes.1–6 The important role of microvascular vasoconstriction as a predomina…
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