October 2003

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Volume 15 Issue 12
Congenital coronary arteriovenous fistula (CAF) is a rare anomaly. The incidence of congenital cardiac lesions is only 0.13%.1 Over 90% of these fistulas drain into the systemic venous side of the circulation.2 Drainage of the fistula into the pulmon…
Implantation of stainless-steel stents has improved the results of percutaneous coronary revascularization.1,2 However, in various subsets of lesions, especially in the presence of complex lesion morphology, in-stent restenosis due to late neointimal…
Percutaneous interventions of degenerated saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) are associated with high rates of distal embolic events and in-stent restenosis.1 Recent experience with covered stents suggests that these types of devices may be a promising alt…
For patients treated with coronary bypass surgery, atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease may compromise blood flow to more distally located arterial bypass grafts. In most instances, proximal subclavian artery stenosis limits flow to the left i…
Diabetic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have poorer long-term prognosis with more revascularization procedures than non-diabetic patients regardless of the initial treatment strategy.1,2 The role of percutaneous versus surgical revascula…